Water and particulate contamination in fuel or fluid can cause fouling and equipment corrosion, leading to reduced component life and expensive maintenance costs. Additionally, today, it's essential to recover and process the 'waste' fluids from the process.
Coalescers help separate immiscible liquids (liquid-liquid coalescer) or liquids from a gas stream (liquid-gas coalescer) and keep fuels and fluids free from particulate contamination and free water. Pall offers a wide range of coalescer products compatible with a broad range of liquids and gases for a variety of applications, including refinery alkylation, amine systems, caustic treatment, midstream acid gas, LNG acid gas, and much more to save cost and extend equipment life.
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How do Pall’s coalescers work?
Pall’s coalescers effectively filter in three stages –
- Filtration – Solid contaminants increase the stability of an emulsion and reduce its efficiency. Pall’s coalescers remove solids utilizing a cartridge filter and preconditions the fluid for optimum coalescer performance.
- Coalescence – A high-performance coalescer medium captures the droplets that are to be separated from the bulk fluid. These droplets move through a coalescer media with progressively larger pores and are coalesced to form larger droplets.
- Separation – The droplets are released from the media; the phases are separated by either gravity in the settling zone or by coalescing filter separators.
In normal glass fiber coalescers, the surfactants ‘coat’ the medium's surface, leading to disarming that reduces separation efficiency by decreasing the medium's coalescing properties. Pall’s coalescer filter material consists of polymeric media that is free from glass fibers and is less prone to disarming in the presence of surfactants. This property enables it to offer a longer life compared to other glass fiber coalescers.
Why should you choose Pall’s coalescers?
Pall’s coalescing filters provide several benefits, like –
- Improved fluid quality, consistency, and value
- Lower separation costs
- Lower operating, disposal, and maintenance costs
- Reduced costly corrosion problems in downstream equipment
- Prevention of catalyst deactivation in downstream processes
- Eliminating the need for emulsion breaking chemicals
- Prevention of disarming, thereby increasing service life
- Elimination of ongoing labor costs to change disarmed glass fiber coalescer elements or mesh packs
- Extended time between scheduled maintenance periods
- High-performance design for smaller assembly size
- Improved availability
Pall offers a wide range of coalescer systems:
Pall's liquid-liquid coalescer separator can efficiently separate liquid-liquid emulsions in oil, gas, and chemical industries. It helps businesses with extended equipment life, reliable operations, and reduced overall cost to offer products that comply with specifications. The liquid-liquid coalescer uses high-efficiency separation with a polymeric material to break emulsion into two phases. The coalescer can take care of very low interfacial tension (IFT) and doesn't disarm with surfactants.
- PhaseSep® Coalescers
Pall's PhaseSep coalescing filter can virtually separate any liquid-liquid emulsion.
- AquaSep® Coalescers
Pall's AquaSep coalescer effectively separates water from the hydrocarbon stream at lower cost.
- Liquid-Liquid PallFit Retrofits
Designed as a direct replacement for existing products, the PallFit family of retrofit filters and coalescers don’t need vessel/housing modification or replacement. They offer consistent filtration performance to meet your increasingly demanding production and processing needs.
Specifically designed for critical air or gas service applications, Pall liquid-gas coalescing filters offer high-efficiency removal of water or oil droplets and particulate solids.
The coalescing filters capture the droplets using a series of graded non-wettable media and coalesce and drain them to the bottom of the housing. They prevent re-entrainment of the filtered droplet into the downstream gas flow.
Pall’s liquid-gas coalescing filters protect downstream equipment and processes from water, compressor wear products, lubrication oil, or other liquid droplets, corrosion products, and other particulate contaminants and reduce maintenance costs.
- SepraSol™ Coalescers
Pall’s SepraSol coalescers provide high-efficiency liquid and solid removal from contaminated gases, reducing maintenance and operating costs. A patented chemical surface treatment enhances the coalescer drainage properties leading to improved performance allowing for smaller systems, lower pressure drop, and improved ability to recover from liquid slugs.
- SepraSol™ Plus Coalescers
The SepraSol Plus media can process several times more liquid per unit area of media than conventional media and often eliminates the need for upstream bulk separation equipment like mist eliminators and vane separators.
The SepraSol Plus media is supplied in a large flow, high-performance 6-inch diameter cartridge that can economically treat large gas flows in applications that require a high degree of protection from both solids and liquids.
- Medallion™ Coalescers
Pall’s Medallion line of liquid/gas coalescers is designed to offer enhanced process performance by providing reduced operation and maintenance costs.
- ZM Series
ZM or “Zero Mist” coalescing filters are designed for critical applications where high efficiency of aerosol removal is required. Pall’s coalescing cartridges operate economically with high separation efficiency and offer a longer life.
- Liquid-Gas PallFit Retrofit
PallFit family of retrofit filters works as direct replacements for your existing products. These filters are designed to maximize reliability, minimize maintenance downtime, and improve process efficiency for enhanced business performance.
Pall coalescer systems are used in various industrial applications that need to remove particulate matter, water, and other liquids. Some of the applications of Pall coalescer System include:
- Refinery alkylation
- Refinery amine systems
- Refinery caustic treatment
- LNG acid gas
- Midstream acid gas
- Petrochem quench water
- Chemical final product (Liquid)
- Poly commodity intermediate (Fluids)
- Poly engineered & special intermediate (Fluids)
- Naphtha/propane/propylene Feed
- Heavy lubrication
- Midstream process water
- Petrochem selective gas/gas separation
- Amine/Benfield /other solvent loop
- Molecular sieve protection
- Midstream mol-sieve dehydration
- Refinery molecular sieve drier
- LNG stabilization column
- Midstream gas pipeline compressors
- Midstream glycol filtration
- Midstream Merc Rem Unit (MRU)
1. What are the benefits of the Pall Coalescer System?
Pall’s coalescer system offers lower separation, operation, and maintenance costs. These coalescers efficiently separate water, fluids, and particulate matter and reduce costly corrosion problems in downstream equipment besides preventing catalyst deactivation in downstream processes. These filters eliminate the need for emulsion-breaking chemicals.
As Pall’s coalescers don’t disarm, they offer extended service life and eliminate ongoing labor costs. These filters come with a high-performance design that leads to a smaller assembly size.
2. Why are Pall’s coalescers less prone to disarming in the presence of surfactants?
Pall’s coalescers’ filter material is free from glass fibers making them less prone to disarming in the presence of surfactants and providing a longer life than other glass fiber coalescers.
3. How do Pall’s coalescers work?
Pall’s coalescer effectively filters using three stages.
- It removes solids using a cartridge filter and preconditions the fluid for optimum coalescer performance.
- A high-performance coalescer medium captures the droplets that are to be separated from the bulk fluid. These droplets move through a coalescer media with progressively larger pores and they are coalesced to form larger droplets.
- The droplets are released from the media and the phases are separated by either gravity in the settling zone or by coalescing filter separators.
4. What are the types of coalescer systems available at Pall?
Pall offers a wide range of coalescer systems.
Pall liquid-liquid coalescers consist of PhaseSep coalescers, AquaSep coalescers, and Ultipleat Diesel Plus Filters.
Pall liquid-gas coalescers consist of SepraSol coalescers, SepraSol Plus coalescers Medallion coalescers, and ZM Series coalescers.
5. What are the applications of Pall’s coalescer systems?
Pall’s coalescer systems are used in a wide range of applications that need efficient removal of water and particulate contamination. Some of the applications involve:
- In refineries during alkylation, amine systems, and caustic treatments
- Midstream LNG acid gas
- Midstream water processing
- Selective gas/gas separation in petrochemicals
- Molecular sieve protection, midstream molecular sieve dehydration, refinery molecular sieve dryer